The castle remained in good repair until the 16th century, when it was considered to be of no further strategic importance.
It was partly demolished in 1646, in accordance with Cromwell’s destruction order, to prevent its further use as a stronghold.
Most famously in recent years, Alnwick Castle featured as ‘Hogwarts’ in the first two Harry Potter films. Built when King William II took Westmorland from the Scots, the great castle keep, known as Caesar’s Tower dates from around 1170.
Now a private residence it is not open to the public. Founded by Roger de Montgomery in 1067, the castle was damaged during the English Civil War and restored throughout the 18th and 19th centuries.
We have also included a short synopsis of each of the castles, including the history behind them and who they are now owned by.
To get the most out of our interactive map, please select the ‘Satellite’ option below; which in our opinion, allows you to more fully appreciate the castle and its defences from above.
Ruined moated and fortified 15th century manor house.
Built by the ambitious Heydon family between 1460-1486 as a simple manor house, it was later fortified and enlarged as the family’s wealth grew. Once the Royal Seat of the Kings of Northumbria, the first written reference to the castle dates from AD 547, when it was captured by the Anglo-Saxon ruler Ida of Bernicia.The influence of Bishop Burnell was such that this little Shropshire village twice hosted the English Parliament, first in 1283 and again in 1285. Built following the Norman conquest and renovated and remodelled many times since then, it is the great northern fortress of the powerful Percy family, the Dukes of Northumberland.All that remains open to the public is the shell of the former private residence. Insid, the rooms have also been remodelled over the centuries, most notably by the famous Robert Adam in the 18th century. Standing guard over the Eden Valley since Norman times, the castle was once owned by the Kings of England.After the English Civil War the house fell into ruin. Vikings destroyed the original fortification in AD 993. Founded by the Normans shortly after the conquest, the castle enjoyed its heyday under Bernard de Bailliol during the latter half of the 12th century. Built sometime after 1100 by King Henry I, the castle played a significant role in both the civil war known as The Anarchy, and the First Barons’ War.The Normans built a new castle on the site, which forms the core of the current structure. The castle passed into the possession of Richard Neville, Earl of Warwick, and then to King Richard III, falling into ruins in the century after his death. Henry III besieged the castle in 1224, which lasted eight weeks.The present castle has remained within the Berkeley family since they reconstructed it in the 12th century.