However, it is the blue and white pottery that is most famous out of all these types, which is best known for the incredible vividness of the blue glaze, combined with the purity of the fine white porcelain.
Though evidence for its existence dates to as early as the 8th century AD, it is thought that the true evolution and development of this ceramic technique only fully came to be realized in the Tang Dynasty, and reached the zenith of its glory during the Qing Dynasty.
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Famed for its delicacy and intricacy, the tradition of ceramic ware and porcelain has been ingrained in the development of Chinese culture.
Named after the city it was mainly sourced from, the Chinese art of making pottery ware has been very much envied and admired internationally since its discovery by the Western World.
Though it was in the Song and Yuan Dynasties (10th century AD to 14th century AD) that the aforementioned Jingdezhen city became the central hub for porcelain production, it was the Ming Dynasty (14th century AD to 17th century AD) that saw true scientific and artistic innovations in the creation of pottery, with strides being made towards experimentation in unusual shape, techniques, use of contrasting dyes.
It is this period of time in which there was the finest output of pottery in the history of Chinese pottery, an output that subsequently placed China in the center of a thriving international import and export community.
Though there is much dispute over the origins of porcelain, traces of ceramic ware have been found that date back to 17,000 or 18,000 years ago in Southern China, an age that makes it among some of oldest ceramic vestiges found in the world.
These old traces display evidence of pottery being created in the crudest and most basic of fashions, so that the finished product can be used as some archaic form.Porcelain as an art-form and skill, however, has some evidence which can be traced back to 7th century AD (Tang Dynasty), the 3rd century AD (the ‘Six Dynasties’ era), and even the 2nd century AD (the eastern Han Period), though academics often disagree over the validity of these sources.Though the Chinese subcontinent is rich in the resources that are required for the creation of fine pottery, certain places became better known in the region for their production of superior porcelain products.In stark contrast to the creams and light greens in sancai pottery, Jian tea wares (which reached the height of its popularity in the Song Dynasty) uses iron-rich clays and high temperatures to create a blackish molten glaze that is vivid in its dark shade and unusual in the ridged patterns created in the oxidizing process.This pattern, known as ‘hare’s fur’, later came to be used to create other such effects, such as the oil-spot, tea-dust and partridge-feather glaze effects, a technique that was greatly appreciated, and eventually copied, by Japanese potters.However, the Tang dynasty (7th century AD to 10th century AD) also saw the development of even more types of pottery, which experimented with different types of fire (high-fired and low-fired) ceramics.