Because of starvation many Jews followed that announcement. Only the organisation of the young Zionists, Hashomer Hatzair, organized a propaganda action in the ghetto, informing on handbills that the deportees will be sent to a death camp and not to work.
Jews being marched out of the Krakow ghetto in March 1943.
On 13th-14th March around 8,000 people, the last survivors of the pre war Jewish population of around 90,000 people in Krakow, were sent to the Plaszow concentration camp.
He was separated from his wife and children when the Krakow ghetto was closed and sent to the notorious Plaszow labour camp, where he waited to see if his family could have survived: Witness -Samuel Stoeger (age 38, mill operator) [O]n a Saturday, the 13th of March, the final liquidation of the ghetto commenced.
The order to vacate the Ghetto was as follows, “All Jews in employment are to assemble at the exit of Wegierska Street, obviously only those who were in possession of the letter W- Z-R or markings, in addition to the Judenpass.” All those not in employment were to proceed to the previously fenced off area of Ghetto “B,” from where they were told, they would be directed to work on the “Ostbahn” (German Railways in Poland) as from the next day.
The remaining population, believed to be around 2,000 women and children who were deemed unfit for work, were shot on the streets of the ghetto.
These were the remains of their possessions, left on the streets after they had been herded into the killing areas.
These raids were carried out according to prepared lists.
The persons on the lists were seized in their homes, taken out and shot at a nearby location.
The assembly point (Umschlagplatz) was formerly used by the Transferstelle as a corridor for transports to and from the ghetto.
In the adjoining yard, which was surrounded by a high fence, was the abandoned Jewish hospital, into which the victims were crowded until the freight trains arrived.
The SS directed the deportations from two centres in the ghetto.